Wednesday, October 8, 2003

Historical Notes

It will sometimes happen that an eye-witness account of events in 1867 sheds precious light upon the history of Dutch Flat and the Tahoe Sierra. I speak of a time when the railroad had not yet passed the summit of the Sierra, Andrew Johnson was President, and a whole new world was rising from the ashes of the Civil War.

Ah, history. How exciting the good old days, how dull our modern sphere.


It was toward the close of a bright October day. The last rays of the
setting sun were reflected from one of those sylvan lakes peculiar to the
Sierras of California. On the right the curling smoke of an Indian village
rose between the columns of the lofty pines, while to the left the log
cottage of Judge Tompkins, embowered in buckeyes, completed the enchanting

Although the exterior of the cottage was humble and unpretentious, and in
keeping with the wildness of the landscape, its interior gave evidence of
the cultivation and refinement of its inmates. An aquarium, containing
goldfishes, stood on a marble centre-table at one end of the apartment,
while a magnificent grand piano occupied the other. The door was covered
with a yielding tapestry carpet, and the walls were adorned with paintings
from the pencils of Van Dyke, Rubens, Tintoretto, Michael Angelo, and the
productions of the more modem Turner, Kensett, Church, and Bierstadt.
Although Judge Tompkins had chosen the frontiers of civilization as his
home, it was impossible for him to entirely forego the habits and tastes of
his former life. He was seated in a luxurious armchair, writing at a
mahogany escritoire, while his daughter, a lovely young girl of seventeen
summers, plied her crotchet-needle on an ottoman beside him. A bright fire
of pine logs flickered and flamed on the ample hearth.

Genevra Octavia Tompkins was Judge Tompkins's only child. Her mother had
long since died on the Plains. Reared in affluence, no pains had been spared
with the daughter's education. She was a graduate of one of the principal
seminaries, and spoke French with a perfect Benicia accent. Peerlessly
beautiful, she was dressed in a white moirŽ antique robe trimmed with tulle.
That simple rosebud, with which most heroines exclusively decorate their
hair, was all she wore in her raven locks.

The Judge was the first to break the silence.

"Genevra, the logs which compose yonder fire seem to have been incautiously
chosen. The sibilation produced by the sap, which exudes copiously
therefrom, is not conducive to composition."

"True, father, but I thought it would be preferable to the constant
crepitation which is apt to attend the combustion of more seasoned ligneous

The Judge looked admiringly at the intellectual features of the graceful
girl, and half forgot the slight annoyances of the green wood in the musical
accents of his daughter. He was smoothing her hair tenderly, when the shadow
of a tall figure, which suddenly darkened the doorway, caused him to look


It needed but a glance at the new-comer to detect at once the form and
features of the haughty aborigine, -- the untaught and untrammeled son of
the forest. Over one shoulder a blanket, negligently but gracefully thrown,
disclosed a bare and powerful breast, decorated with a quantity of
three-cent postage-stamps which he had despoiled from an Overland Mail stage
a few weeks previous. A cast-off beaver of Judge Tompkins's, adorned by a
simple feather, covered his erect head, from beneath which his straight
locks descended. His right hand hung lightly by his side, while his left was
engaged in holding on a pair of pantaloons, which the lawless grace and
freedom of his lower limbs evidently could not brook.

"Why," said the Indian, in a low sweet tone, -- "why does the Pale Face
still follow the track of the Red Man? Why does he pursue him, even as O-kee-chow,
the wild cat, chases Ka-ka, the skunk? Why are the feet of Sorrel-top,
the white chief, among the acorns of Muck-a-Muck, the mountain forest? Why,"
he repeated, quietly but firmly abstracting a silver spoon from the table,
-- "why do you seek to drive him from the wigwams of his fathers? His
brothers are already gone to the happy hunting-grounds. Will the Pale Face
seek him there?" And, averting his face from the Judge, he hastily slipped a
silver cake-basket beneath his blanket, to conceal his emotion.

"Muck-a-Muck has spoken," said Genevra softly. "Let him now listen. Are the
acorns of the mountain sweeter than the esculent and nutritious bean of the
Pale Face miner? Does my brother prize the edible qualities of the snail
above that of the crisp and oleaginous bacon? Delicious are the grasshoppers
that sport on the hillside, -- are they better than the dried apples of the
Pale Faces? Pleasant is the gurgle of the torrent, Kish-Kish, but is it
better than the cluck-cluck of old Bourbon from the old stone bottle?"

"Ugh!" said the Indian, -- "ugh! good. The White Rabbit is wise. Her words
fall as the snow on Tootoonolo, and the rocky heart of Muck-a-Muck is
hidden. What says my brother the Gray Gopher of Dutch Flat?"

"She has spoken, Muck-a-Muck," said the Judge, gazing fondly on his
daughter. "It is well. Our treaty is concluded. No, thank you, -- you need
not dance the Dance of Snow-shoes, or the Moccasin Dance, the Dance of Green
Corn, or the Treaty Dance. I would be alone. A strange sadness overpowers

"I go," said the Indian. "Tell your great chief in Washington, the Sachem
Andy, that the Red Man is retiring before the footsteps of the adventurous
pioneer. Inform him, if you please, that westward the star of empire takes
its way, that the chiefs of the Pi-Ute nation are for Reconstruction to a
man, and that Klamath will poll a heavy Republican vote in the fall."

And folding his blanket more tightly around him, Muck-a-Muck withdrew.


Genevra Tompkins stood at the door of the log-cabin, looking after the
retreating Overland Mail stage which conveyed her father to Virginia City.
"He may never return again," sighed the young girl, as she glanced at the
frightfully rolling vehicle and wildly careering horses, -- "at least, with
unbroken bones. Should he meet with an accident! I mind me now a fearful
legend, familiar to my childhood. Can it be that the drivers on this line
are privately instructed to dispatch all passengers maimed by accident, to
prevent tedious litigation? No, no. But why this weight upon my heart?"

She seated herself at the piano and lightly passed her hand over the keys.
Then, in a clear mezzo-soprano voice, she sang the first verse of one of the
most popular Irish ballads:--

"O Arrah ma dheelish, the distant dudheen
Lies soft in the moonlight, ma bouchal vourneen:
The springing gossoons on the heather are still,
And the caubeens and colleens are heard on the hill."

But as the ravishing notes of her sweet voice died upon the air, her hands
sank listlessly to her side. Music could not chase away the mysterious
shadow from her heart. Again she rose. Putting on a white crape bonnet, and
carefully drawing a pair of lemon-colored gloves over her taper fingers, she
seized her parasol and plunged into the depths of the pine forest.


Genevra had not proceeded many miles before a weariness seized upon her
fragile limbs, and she would fain seat herself upon the trunk of a prostrate
pine, which she previously dusted with her handkerchief. The sun was just
sinking below the horizon, and the scene was one of gorgeous and sylvan
beauty. "How beautiful is nature!" murmured the innocent girl, as, reclining
gracefully against the root of the tree, she gathered up her skirts and tied
a handkerchief around her throat. But a low growl interrupted her
meditation. Starting to her feet, her eyes met a sight which froze her blood
with terror.

The only outlet to the forest was the narrow path, barely wide enough for a
single person, hemmed in by trees and rocks, which she had just traversed.
Down this path, in Indian file, came a monstrous grizzly, closely followed
by a Californian lion, a wild cat, and a buffalo, the rear being brought up
by a wild Spanish bull. The mouths of the three first animals were distended
with frightful significance, the horns of the last were lowered as
ominously. As Genevra was preparing to faint, she heard a low voice behind

"Eternally dog-gone my skin ef this ain't the puttiest chance yet!"

At the same moment, a long, shining barrel dropped lightly from behind her,
and rested over her shoulder.

Genevra shuddered.

"Dern ye -- don't move!"

Genevra became motionless.

The crack of a rifle rang through the woods. Three frightful yells were
heard, and two sullen roars. Five animals bounded into the air and five
lifeless bodies lay upon the plain. The well-aimed bullet had done its work.
Entering the open throat of the grizzly it had traversed his body only to
enter the throat of the California lion, and in like manner the catamount,
until it passed through into the respective foreheads of the bull and the
buffalo, and finally fell flattened from the rocky hillside.

Genevra turned quickly. "My preserver!" she shrieked, and fell into the arms
of Natty Bumpo, the celebrated Pike Ranger of Donner Lake.


The moon rose cheerfully above Donner Lake. On its placid bosom a dug-out
canoe glided rapidly, containing Natty Bumpo and Genevra Tompkins.

Both were silent. The same thought possessed each, and perhaps there was
sweet companionship even in the unbroken quiet. Genevra bit the handle of
her parasol, and blushed. Natty Bumpo took a fresh chew of tobacco. At
length Genevra said, as if in half-spoken reverie:--

"The soft shining of the moon and the peaceful ripple of the waves seem to
say to us various things of an instructive and moral tendency."

"You may bet yer pile on that, miss," said her companion gravely. "It's all
the preachin' and psalm-singin' I've heern since I was a boy."

"Noble being!" said Miss Tompkins to herself, glancing at the stately Pike
as he bent over his paddle to conceal his emotion. "Reared in this wild
seclusion, yet he has become penetrated with visible consciousness of a
Great First Cause," Then, collecting herself, she said aloud: "Me-thinks 't
were pleasant to glide ever thus down the stream of life, hand in hand with
the one being whom the soul claims as its affinity. But what am I saying?"
-- and the delicate-minded girl hid her face in her hands.

A long silence ensued, which was at length broken by her companion.

"Ef you mean you're on the marry," he said thoughtfully, "I ain't in no wise

"My husband!" faltered the blushing girl; and she fell into his arms.

In ten minutes more the loving couple had landed at Judge Tompkins's.


A year has passed away. Natty Bumpo was returning from Gold Hill, where he
had been to purchase provisions. On his way to Donner Lake rumors of an
Indian uprising met his ears. "Dern their pesky skins, ef they dare to touch
my Jenny," he muttered between his clenched teeth.

It was dark when he reached the borders of the lake. Around a glittering
fire he dimly discerned dusky figures dancing. They were in war paint.
Conspicuous among them was the renowned Muck-a-Muck. But why did the fingers
of Natty Bumpo tighten convulsively around his rifle?

The chief held in his hand long tufts of raven hair. The heart of the
pioneer sickened as he recognized the clustering curls of Genevra. In a
moment his rifle was at his shoulder, and with a sharp "ping" Muck-a-Muck
leaped into the air a corpse. To knock out the brains of the remaining
savages, tear the tresses from the stiffening hand of Muck-a-Muck, and dash
rapidly forward to the cottage of Judge Tompkins, was the work of a moment.

He burst open the door. Why did he stand transfixed with open mouth and
distended eyeballs? Was the sight too horrible to be borne? On the contrary,
before him, in her peerless beauty, stood Genevra Tompkins, leaning on her
father's arm.

"Ye'r not scalped, then!" gasped her lover.

"No. I have no hesitation in saying that I am not; but why this abruptness?"
responded Genevra.

Bumpo could not speak, but frantically produced the silken tresses. Genevra
turned her face aside.

"Why, that's her waterfall!" said the Judge.

Bumpo sank fainting to the door.

The famous Pike chieftain never recovered from the deceit, and refused to
marry Genevra, who died, twenty years afterwards, of a broken heart. Judge
Tompkins lost his fortune in Wild Cat. The stage passes twice a week the
deserted cottage at Donner Lake. Thus was the death of Muck-a-Muck avenged.


Russell Towle

P.S. Oh, wait.

I just found out, the above is one of Bret Harte's Condensed Novels.

Sorry for the confusion,


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